A glimpse at our history of "land resettlement” and its implementation in Mindanao:
- "The Clash of Fundamentalisms - Crusades, Jihads and Modernity," Tariq Ali, Verso-London, 2002
- "The Great Confrontation - Europe and Islam Through the Centuries," Ilya V. Gaiduk, I.R.Dee,2003
- "Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam - Politics, Culture and Citizenship," Nezar AlSayyad & Manuel Castells, UC-Berkeley, 2002
THE ORIGINS OF THE MUSLIM SEPARATIST MOVEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES - Prof. Thomas M. McKenna
The MILF dates from 1984 as a separate organization but can trace its roots to the beginnings of modern Muslim separatism (McKenna 1998). It is centered on the large island of Mindanao, is well-organized and has thousands of fighters and broad popular support in rural villages.
Yet, despite its enshrinement in the Philippine constitution and the guarantees of consecutive national governments, genuine Muslim autonomy has yet to be realized and, consequently, a stable peace in Muslim Mindanao has yet to be obtained.
- First is the extreme reluctance on the part of the Philippine government to transfer any real power to the autonomous region it has authorized.
- Second is the armed resistance on the part of certain Muslim separatists to the autonomous region as currently constituted.
- Ahmad, Aijaz 1982 Class and Colony in Mindanao. Southeast Asia Chronicle No. 82:4-11.
- Burley, T.M.1973 The Philippines: An Economic and Social Geography. London: G. Bell and Sons Ltd.
- Costello, Michael A. 1992 "The demography of Mindanao." In Mark Turner, R.J. May, and Lulu Respall Turner, eds., Mindanao: Land of Unfulfilled Promise. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers.
- Ferrer, Miriam Coronel, ed.1997 The SPCPD (Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development): A Response to the Controversy. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Center for Integrative and Development Studies
- Glang, Alunan C.1969 Muslim Secession or Integration? Quezon City: Alunan Glang.
- Gowing, Peter Gordon 1979 Muslim Filipinos - Heritage and Horizon. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.1983 Mandate in Moroland: The American Government of Muslim Filipinos -- 1899-1920. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
- Gutierrez, Eric1999 "The politics of transition." Accord: An International Review of Peace Initiatives. Posted on the internet at: http://www.c-r.org/acc_min/gutier.htm.
- Majul, Cesar Adib 1985 The Contemporary Muslim Movement in the Philippines. Berkeley: Mizan Press.
- McKenna, Thomas M.1998 Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Muslim, Madapado A.1999 "Sustaining the constituency for Moro autonomy." Accord: An International Review of Peace Initiatives. Posted on the internet at:http://www.c-r.org/acc_min/muslim2.htm
- National Statistics Office, Republic of the Philippines1998 The 1998 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey Results. Posted on the internet at:http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/dataapis.html
- 2000 Quickstat on Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, June 2000. Posted on the internet at: http://www.census.gov.ph/data/quickstat/qs150006.html.
- Noble, Lela Garner1976 The Moro National Liberation Front in the Philippines. Pacific Affairs 49(3):405-424. 1983 Roots of the Bangsa Moro Revolution. Solidarity 97:41-50.
- Ramos, Fidel V.1996 Break Not the Peace: The Story of the GRP--MNLF Peace Negotiations 1992-1996. Quezon City: Fidel Ramos.
- Thomas, Ralph Benjamin 1971 Muslim but Filipino: The Integration of Philippine Muslims, 1917-1946. Unpublished PhD. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania