- A San Francisco Weekly Defends the Army. from The American Spirit - US History as Seen by Contemporaries, Vol.II, edited by Thomas A Bailey (Boston: DC Heath & Co., 1963 & 1968)
" Fear history, for it respects no secrets" - Gregoria de Jesus (widow of Andres Bonifacio)
I vaguely remember native Filipino heroes during my early years in grade school and apparently not much during my high school years and nothing at the university level. I believe this lack of knowledge or teaching about our own native heroes (and traitors) is one major weakness in our formal schooling and consequently the failure to appreciate and nurture Filipino nationalism in the homeland.
We native Filipinos seem to be aware or "know" more about foreign heroes, i.e. American, thanks to our Americanized schooling (English and American-authored books,etc.), mass media, Hollywood, our streets named after American colonial rulers (civilian and military) without really knowing what they really did to our people and homeland, that is, how much they brutally subdued our Katipuneros and aborted our nascent republic during the American War on Filipino nationalists so-called “Philippine Insurrection” (America’s Hidden War of 1899). In parallel, the ordinary Americans-in-the-street grow up fully ignorant of this hidden/glossed-over American war on Filipinos, thanks to the sanitized American history books in their schools that in turn led to their belief in American exceptionalism.
I stumbled into the below article, a bit dated, by Ms. Carmen Guerrero-Nakpil about General Macario Sakay, a great Filipino revolutionary and nationalist fighting the Americans in latter's duplicity and intervention in our national struggle for independence against Spain. It reminds us that we had native forefathers who were truly nationalists; real heroes that deserve our remembrance and emulation; as they were knowledgeable about authentic nationalism, i.e. struggle for the common good of the native Malay Filipino (versus the hypocrisy in the American gospel of manifest destiny, benevolent assimilation, etc.).
[NOTE: There are native Filipinos who say "let us not spend too much time about the past and just move on." They just want to go on their own merry ways as they have already "made it," so to speak. We do not need them as they are the present and future running dogs of the foreigners in our homeland. They are the opportunistic cop-outs in /traitors to the homeland.
To know the past is the first step to understand the present and learn from it, i.e. mistakes committed and to not repeat them. History does not repeat itself, history is not deterministic; it is people who make history. It is us people who make or avoid or repeat mistakes. It is us native Filipinos who can and should make the necessary, nationalist changes/directions for the future generations of native Filipinos and for a nationalist history that will be written. To fellow native Filipinos who truly care. it is obvious that ignorance of the past is not bliss.
To those who still wonder "why dig the past": We engage in revisiting and revising our past, i.e. historical "revisionism", to develop new emphases and raise new questions on assumptions and explanations for key historical issues and policies --given by our former colonial master America, government officials and authors of history books, then and now.
The 50-year American colonial (direct) governance to the so-called granting of Philippine "Independence" in 1946 did not end. To ensure indefinite American neocolonial (indirect) governance post-independence, three American initiatives, i.e. Bell Trade or Parity Act (1946), Military Bases Agreement (1947) and Military Assistance Pact (1947) were imposed as conditions for the payment of WW2 damages. Thus, these conditions rendered our supposed independence virtually meaningless and crippled the capacity for national development.
Fast forward today, Neocolonialism (neoimperialism) has been euphemistically repackaged and enforced since 1995 via WTO "agreed" rules as "globalism or globalization." ]
- Bert, 8/14/2012
“The HISTORY of an oppressed people is hidden in the lies and the agreed myth of its conquerors.” - Meridel Le Sueur, American writer, 1900-1996
By Carmen Guerrero Nakpil (The Philippine Star) Updated September 08, 2008 12:00 AM
The Filipino-American War was formally settled in 1902, after the capture of Aguinaldo in his mountain hideout in Palanan, Isabela, in 1901. But Filipino guerrilla action against the
Alongside with Sakay’s guerrillas, bands of highwaymen, robbers, cattle-rustlers operated in the
Many of them had surrendered because Sakay had told his troops they would not be harmed because the Americans had promised a of elected Filipino representatives who would rule the country if they abjured armed resistance. At the trial at the Court of First Instance, using false witnesses, Sakay and his men were accused of robbery in band, murder, rape, summary executions, arson, kidnapping.
Gomez was arrested for sedition, tried and convicted to four years of hard labor and ordered to pay a fine. His case was on appeal to the Supreme Court (manned by US justices), his sentence un-served, when he began to negotiate Sakay’s surrender, going on arduous treks to Tanay for long discussions, showing a letter from the US governor-general that promised a Filipino assembly, “the door to freedom,” if Sakay and his generals laid down their arms.