I borrow a direct definition of "racism" here according to the Dictionary of Social Sciences (1964): "the doctrine that there is a connection between racial and cultural traits, and that some races are inherently superior to others."
Racism has been intrinsic to America since its colonial beginnings. It was inherited from the first European settlers, who had deeply rooted racist attitudes. In the midst of an allegedly democratic society, it flourished; and its style and rhetoric evolved from being blatantly overt to more subtle and discreet forms as especially characteristic in America today.
Racism has exhibited its deadly consequences: as we have seen in recent generations, or /years or months, i.e. abroad in America’s Humanitarian Wars (interventions): Philippine Invasion/Colonization, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq to name a few; and domestic, lynching, etc. and in recent weeks, murderous shootings of members of non-white religious sects and/or cultural groupings.
America's literature of hatred testifies to this paradox. The hostility contained in the defense of Black Slavery (with the systematic presentation of Blacks as subhuman -include us native Filipinos during the American invasion and so-called Pacification of the Philippines ), the anti-Indian literature of the 19th century, the fear of the "yellow peril," and the influential assertions of ethnic superiority by many leading advocates that include America's Founding Fathers Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton.
I have touched on Jefferson's racism in a previous post, click to read -->http://www.thefilipinomind.com/2012/01/thomas-jefferson-and-negro-inferiority.html
Below is a sample of such an assertion from Benjamin Franklin.
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN AND AMERICAN RACISM
In the early nineteenth century it would serve as an inspiration for Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), who based his grim law of population (that population would inevitably outstrip the food supply) on Franklin's calculations.
But Franklin's argument was, in fact, quite different from Malthus's bleak prophesy. Franklin, like other Americans as late as Lincoln, held to a belief that no man in America needed to long remain a laborer for others. Despite the doubling of the population in every twenty years or so, America remained a land of opportunity, where wages remained high and even slaves were expensive.
"History and observation both teach that....the Mongol, the Malay, the Indian, and the Negro, are now and have been in all ages and places inferior to the Caucasian." - Joseph C. Nott (1844)
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